Alternate: leaves are arranged singly along the stem (vine)
Blade: the expanded, flat portion of a leaf
Compound leaf: a leaf with multiple leaflets (poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac have compound leaves)
Opposite: leaves occur in pairs at the stem (vine)
Palmate: leaflets are arranged at the end of a single point in a fan shape (or like the fingers of a hand). Virginia Creeper leaves are palmate.
Pinnate: leaflets are opposite on the main "stem". In the above picture of a leaf, the outer leaflets are pinnate.
Toothed: the edge of the leaf or leaflet has small projections resembling a saw blade.
Whorled: 3 or more leaves are arranged together at the top of the stem in a circular pattern